Detailed Lesson Notes:
Manuscripts of the Quran mentioned in the lecture
- The Birmingham Manuscript – radiocarbon dated to ~56BH – 25AH with 95.4% probability.
- This manuscript has been radiocarbon dated to around 31BH – 22AH with 95.4% probability. This manuscript is Surah Ibrahim v. 19-44. Both of these manuscripts are in the Hijazi script – the type of handwriting style common in the region of Makkah and Madinah.
- This manuscript is the earliest available in the Kufic script (from Iraq). This manuscript has been radiocarbon dated to around 37AH – 71AH.
- This manuscript has been claimed to be one of the 7 official mushafs ordered to be sent around the Muslim world by Uthman (rad). There is a 95% chance of it being between 27BH – 241AH, and a 68% chance of it being from between 19AH – 148AH. It is also in the Kufic script
For a comprehensive list of Quranic manuscripts dated to the first century Hijri, see here.
History of the Quranic Text by Dr. Muhammad Mustapha al-Azami